ICS Analysis

The 10th Anniversary of China’s ‘Belt and Road Initiative’ (BRI): Where is it Headed?

These reflections were triggered by a two-part, 1-hour, ‘Drum Tower’ podcast1 on The Economist, broadcast at the end of September 2023. It connects with my earlier writings on China’s ‘Belt-and Road Initiative’ (BRI).1 We are now at the 10th anniversary of this major Chinese foreign aid and global connectivity enterprise, launched by Xi Jinping within a year of gaining top leadership of China in October 2012. BRI embodies Xi’s strong personal backing and commitment. 


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