Ideology Matters: China from Mao Zedong to Xi Jinping

China’s notable successes as well as the problems it has encountered, have resulted from policy debates and choices made by the communist party of China from the time of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, to the less charismatic leaders Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao and his successor XI Jinping. The CPCs distinct style is to put the policy perspective in fresh theoretical terms. These essays scrutinize the ideological statements to help understand China’s reform strategy and the policy shifts.

One needs to know the contours of Maoism and its critical assessments by Deng Xiaoping to understand the reforms that he launched and the meaning of ‘socialist market economy’ and the state guided market process that has produced the high rate of growth in China.

Deng’s successor Jiang Zemin led China’s accelerated growth with greater integration with the world economy and articulated his thinking as the ‘Three Represents’.

After him, Hu Jintao’s decade of leadership, called by some as ‘a glorious decade’ by other ‘a lost decade’ took China to become world’s second largest economy. How successful was he in addressing rising inequality and environmental degradation while practicing his ‘scientific outlook on development’? Xi Jinping after taking over in 2012 has given a stirring call for realizing the “Chinese dream” and has initiated cautious measures on crucial issues.

This work presents a critical examination of all these formulations and discusses whether China can still be called a socialist country.

This book will be of interest to students and researchers of Political Science, Sociology, Development Studies, Marxist Philosophy and Chinese Studies and the general reader interested in knowing about the rise of modern China.


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