ICS Analysis

China-Watcher Notes No. 1 China’s University Entrance Exam: The Gaokao The Global Electric Vehicle Race Hukou Reform

Starting on June 7th millions of young people will sit for the world’s largest academic test. China’s university-entrance exam, known as the gaokao, is punishingly difficult. Students spend endless hours cramming for it. But it is also meant to be meritocratic. Work hard, score well and, no matter what your social background, you can get into a good college…it is administered in ways that do not seem so meritocratic. Local governments are allowed to produce their own versions of the gaokao, with different questions and scoring methods. Students in elite cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai, enjoy an easier route into local universities…some of the country’s finest.1


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