An Introductory Note for the Articles
Huang Yinghong’s article in this issue compares the process of land acquisition in China and India in the era of economic reform in both countries. He argues that it represents a type of what he characterizes as ‘compulsory development’, in which the state uses a high level of compulsion to pursue a development model in which government manipulates land policies to its advantage, speculates in the land market to maximize rent, and then extracts large land surpluses for its development purposes.
Mordechai Chaziza’s article on China’s economic diplomacy in the Middle East shows how this region is becoming increasingly important to China’s foreign policy, especially in the context of the unfolding of the BRI. It explains how China uses diplomacy to intervene in the numerous regional conflicts to protect its rapidly expanding commercial interests, its citizens, energy supplies and assets there. At the same time, it uses commercial instruments and economic tools to advance its larger strategic goals.
Christopher Primiano presents the findings of a survey conducted among university students in China to ascertain how they regard China’s involvement in UN peacekeeping operations, since he considers that the subject of how Chinese citizens view their government’s overseas engagements has been relatively understudied. The findings reveal interesting nuances in the views of the survey respondents on this subject, which could have implications for the way the Chinese government conducts its foreign policy.
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