Tea War: A History of Capitalism in China and India

Andrew B. Liu

Wednesday Seminar | Zoom Webinar|10 June 2020


Tea remains the world’s most popular commercial drink today, and at the turn of the twentieth century, it represented the largest export industry of both China and colonial India. In analyzing the global competition between Chinese and Indian tea, Andrew B. Liu challenged past economic histories premised on the technical “divergence” between the West and the Rest, arguing instead that seemingly traditional technologies and practices were central to modern capital accumulation across Asia. He showed how competitive pressures compelled Chinese merchants to adopt abstract industrial conceptions of time, while colonial planters in India pushed for labor indenture laws to support factory-style tea plantations. Characterizations of China and India as premodern backwaters, he explained, were themselves the historical result of new notions of political economy adopted by Chinese and Indian nationalists, who discovered that these abstract ideas corresponded to concrete social changes in their local surroundings. Together, these stories point toward a more flexible and globally oriented conceptualization of the history of capitalism in China and India.

Outlook for the Chinese Economy in the Covid Era

Amb. Shyam Saran, Prof. Chen Zhiwu, Prof. Yao Yang

Special Lecture | Zoom Webinar|17 June 2020


Though China was the original epicentre of Covid-19, it has managed to contain the domestic spread of the pandemic and made considerable progress towards restoring normal economic activities, becoming the first major economy to emerge out of the lockdown. However, it continues to grapple with a number of economic challenges, including sharp contraction in global demand, slow revival of domestic demand, relatively high unemployment and structural problems predating the outbreak of the novel coronavirus. The ICS Conversation assessed the progress made by China in its economic revival, continuing challenges and the prospects of the Chinese economy. It also examined some related issues, including: the outlook and future directions of the Belt and Road Initiative; the possibility of US-China economic decoupling; and changes taking place in global value chains and China’s role therein, particularly in the aftermath of Covid-19.

ICS-KAS Conversation | Evolving European Perspectives on China in the Covid Era

Prof. Frank N. Pieke, Dr. Andrew Small, Dr. Mareike Ohlberg, Dr. Garima Mohan

Special Lecture | Zoom Webinar  |24 June 2020


European perceptions towards China were becoming more complex even prior to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus. The European Commission’s document of 12 March 2019 on “EU-China - A Strategic Outlook” suggested that “China is, simultaneously, in different policy areas, a cooperation partner with whom the EU has closely aligned objectives, a negotiating partner with whom the EU needs to find a balance of interests, an economic competitor in the pursuit of technological leadership, and a systemic rival promoting alternative models of governance”. Over the last couple of years, postures in Europe vis-a-vis China have hardened, even while the latter's influence in the continent has been growing. In the Covid era, there has been sharpening of these anxieties and an added backlash on the issue of China's accountability for Covid-19 becoming a pandemic. At the same time, European countries appear to seek deep but more balanced engagement with China, avoiding the policies of confrontation or containment. In the escalating strategic rivalry between the US and China, the EU is not eager to take side, without being disinclined to hedge and balance to deal with some troubling traits of the rise of China and its increasingly assertive behaviour.

The Gender System and Women’s Agency in China in the Context of COVID-19

Dr. Govind Kelkar, Cai Yiping, Dr, Usha Chandran

Wednesday Seminar | Zoom Webinar  |1 July 2020


The last several decades are marked by two contradictory trends in China, the first being the enactment of a series of progressive policies according women freedom in familial relations and unmediated property rights. The second is the patriarchal resistance embodied in socio-cultural norms and policy implementing structures that become impeding factors in realizing policy measures. For women, the history of socialist construction in China was shaped by the way masculinity has a hold on deciding what is just and what is not. The legal efforts at building women’s agency did not act or create an underlying shift in women’s unfreedoms and gender relations, enabling women to step out of traditional behaviours and gender-responsive change in the social system. The gender system continued to make its mark on economic and political domains of formal and informal sectors, leading to a range of ways in which women voiced their resistance to male appropriation of power and resources. A continuum of protests led by All China Women’s Federation, many feminists groups and academics did result in shrinking gender disparities and in advancing women’s agency from being nontransformative to transformative. 

Volume 56 | Issue 2 | May 2020
The China Report is a refereed journal in the field of social sciences and international relations. It encourages free expression and discussion of different ideas and approaches which assist in better understanding China and its neighbours. It welcomes and offers a platform for original research from a multi-disciplinary perspective, in new and emerging areas, by scholars and research students. It seeks to promote analysis and vigorous debate on all aspects of Sino-Indian relations, India–China comparative studies and multilateral and bilateral initiatives and collaborations across Asia.

China, WHO and the Covid-19 Pandemic

Dr Bhaskar Balakrishnan|Issue No. 102 | May 2020
The purpose of this article is to analyze the long-term consequences of the Covid-19 on China’s economic security and national competitiveness, less on China’s GDP trajectory. While peacefulness has a small influence on global ..

China’s Belt and Road Initiative: History in the Making

Priyanka Madia|Issue No. 103 | May 2020
In the past few years, China has been making significant progress in modern technologies such as hypersonic weapons, targeted energy weapons, electromagnetic rail guns, counter-space weapons, quantum technology, block chain technology and unmanned and artificial intelligence equipped weapons..

India and China in the Post-Covid World

Amb. Shivshankar Menon|Issue No. 104 | June 2020
The impact of Covid-19 on each country’s economy is a complex function of numerous factors. Relevant factors include extent of disruption caused by lockdown, financial health of enterprises and pattern of industrialisation..

Pompeo Defies Covid-19 and Visits Jerusalem with ‘Mission China’ Agenda

Hemant Adlakha|Issue No. 105 | June 2020
Less than three years ago, China and Israel marked 25 years of their bilateral diplomatic relations. While Beijing celebrated the occasion also to show to the world China’s..

The Indo-Pacific: Concept, Contestation and Cooperation

Sanjana Krishnan|Issue No. 106 | June 2020
The Indo-Pacific is a region consisting of the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean, excluding the temperate and polar regions of the two. They are connected by the seas surrounding Indonesia in SouthEast Asia. Sinc.
Launch-on-Warning and China’s Nuclear Posture
Samanvya Hooda|Issue No. 50 | May   2020
In modern China, even under Mao’s communist era, literature has been regarded as an instrument of political dissent. Two major approaches are required to seriously reflect on how to understand the anatomy of the..
Analyzing China’s Mediator role in MENA – More than Just a Global Responsibility
Jayshree Borah|Issue No. 51 | June 2020
US-China tensions can broadly be classified into four major areas: Trade, Technology, Territorial issues (such as Hong Kong, Xinjiang, Tibet, Taiwan, the South China Sea, and Regional Connectivity) and Tenets, which allude..
The ICS Blog is a platform for an open dialogue that aims to inform and enlighten, especially young scholars and analysts on contemporary issues related to China and East Asia.
COVID-19: Chinese Dominance over Global Supply Chains under Threat?
Akshit Goel
5 June 2020
China’s Health Diplomacy in Africa during COVID-19: Discerning Prospects and Problems
Veda Vaidyanathan
15 June 2020
Cross – Strait Relations amid COVID-19: Multilateralism with Chinese Characteristics
Hari Haran
16 June 2020
The Case of Rising Divorces in China amid COVID-19 Lockdown
Bihu Chamadia
30 June 2020
This could be massive escalation by China to alter the status quo: Former NSA
Interview | Amb. Shivshankar Menon
The Wire | 13 June  
Tell China that relations depend on peace & tranquillity on the border: Former Envoy
Interview | Amb. Ashok K. Kantha
The Print | 16 June 
ഇരുട്ടകലണം; പ്രശ്നത്തിന് ദീർഘകാല പരിഹാരം കാണാനാകണം
M V Rappai
Manorama Online | 19 June 
Chinese Aggression not a coincidence: Amb. Shyam Saran
Interview | Amb. Shyam Saran
The Economic Times | 20 June 
Webinar | India-China-Russia Foreign Ministers Meeting
Ravi Bhoothalingam
South Asia Monitor | 24 June 
How India can keep China in check | Opinion
Zorawar Daulet Singh
Hindustan Times | 25 June 
To check China’s Hostility, India, Taiwan and Japan need an intelligence-sharing alliance
Samanvya Hooda
The Print | 26 June 
Cheen ka Kayapalat: Safalta ki Dastaan aur Safalta ka Phanda
Prof. Manoranjan Mohanty
Sage Publications | 26 June 
Opinion | India’s Kalidas Moment: Are we hacking at a branch of the economy?
Prof. Alka Acharya
The Mint | 26 June 
China expects us to behave the way China would!
Shivshankar Menon
Rediff.com | 30 June 
14th Giri Deshingkar Memorial Lectur | US – China Relations in the era of Donald Trump and Xi Jinping

Speaker: Dr. Elizabeth C. Economy 

14th GDML | Zoom Webinar | 6 July 2020 @ 6:30 PM IST






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