ICS Occasional Papers

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Lowy Institute

Defending a Free and Open Indo-Pacific Region

David Arase |Issue No:25| Feb 2019

It is doubtless that a rising China will succeed in promoting its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in coming years. The key questions are the degree of success it will have, and how it will change the Indo-Pacific region. Xi Jinping’s Chinese Dream envisions comprehensive China-centered governance within the geographical footprint of BRI in accordance with the norms, institutions, and values of the Communist Party of China (CPC) by 2049.


US-China Geo-technology Race and the Lessons for India: Importance of Indigenous Technologies in Enhancing Indian Defence Capabilities

Smita Purushottam |Issue No:24| Feb 2019

The current US-China stand-off underlines a major shift in the arena of geopolitical rivalry to technological competition. Unlike India, China and the US understand the importance of Science and Technology as drivers of growth and ultimately, geopolitical power. China aims to become the most globally advanced Science & Technology nation by 2050. Since Technology is the real foundation of power, this is triggering a US backlash.


The Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation Initiative: Assessment and Potential of Cooperation in the Himalayas

Naina Singh |Issue No:23| Jun 2018

This case study of Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative attempts to understand the role of participant states; China, India and Nepal in relation to local and global non-state actors around a natural and culturally constructed landscape.

EJ Insight

Financial Markets in China and India

U K Sinha |Issue No:22| Mar 2018

While India has a long history of functional capital markets, both China and India started market reforms process almost around the same time. But the size of the Chinese market is much bigger today than India’s.

Lowy Institute

China in Northeast Asia: Maintaining Order or Upsetting Order?

David Arase |Issue No:21| Mar 2018

The paper discusses the rising tension at each of the three main flashpoints in Northeast Asia, driven by China’s desire for a new China-centered order.

Malaysian Access

Strategic Underpinnings of China’s Foreign Policy

Shivshankar Menon |Issue No:20| Jan 2018

What the strategic underpinnings of China’s foreign policy are, depend on one’s theory of the case. It depends on what foreign policy is considered to be, what weight is given to personality, perception, structures and other factors in making and determining foreign policy.

The Wire

What does India think of China’s ‘Belt and Road’ Initiative?

Jabin T Jacob |Issue No:19| Dec 2017

This paper examines Chinese arguments and justifications for the BRI 'belt and road initiative' in so far as they relate to India, but the weaknesses of these arguments have much to offer other countries that have joined or are seeking to join the BRI.

The Diplomat

Untangling Chinese Aid in Africa: Does the ‘Aid for Trade’ Hypothesis hold True?

Samar Tyagi | Nov 2017

China gives an enormous amount of aid to African countries in the form of grants, interest-free loans and concessional (or preferential) loans. Findings reveal that a one per cent increase in aid allocation to Africa is associated with 0.6 per cent increase in bilateral trade, signifying that the ‘aid for trade’ hypothesis holds true.

China’s Growth Transition: Implications and Outlook

Anoop Singh | Oct 2017

This article examines how China’s growth model has changed and developed since its global economic emergence in the late 1970s, and assesses prospects for China remaining the largest country in purchasing parity terms.


China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI): Impact on India & its China Diplomacy

Kishan S Rana | Sep 2017

The essay examines BRI in terms of China’s direct economic, political and domestic interests, the funding arrangements for its projects, including aid and loans, and the potential gains for the countries and the regions that are to participate in the connectivity and infrastructure oriented projects, including the maritime projects. It looks closely at the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, and the possible connectivity gains that participating countries may obtain among themselves, suggesting that what is being created are ‘international public goods’, even if China has not yet engaged in participatory, comprehensive and equal dialogue among all that are current and potential beneficiaries of BRI actions.

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