People > Anand P Krishnan


Anand P. Krishnan is presently a Visiting Faculty at National Law School of India University, Bengaluru. He holds a PhD in Chinese Politics from the Centre for East Asian Studies at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, for his doctoral thesis titled, 'Market Dynamics and State Responses in China: Social Welfare and Industrial Workers, 1987-2008'.  His main area of research is labour relations in China, and also focussing on studies through a comparative framework with India (and, in the global south). He was a Non-Resident Fellow under the China-India Scholar Leaders Initiative, of the India China Institute, The New School, New York City, from 2018-21. In 2016-17, he was a Visiting Fellow, at the Harvard-Yenching Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. He has also completed a two-year India-China comparative research project funded by the Indian Council for Social Science Research, on Labour Relations and Welfare in Small and Medium Enterprises in Mumbai and Wenzhou (2014-16).  Previously, he was a Research Associate and Programme Officer at ICS. His interests also lie in China's Political Economy, informal labour, social policies, and labour's interface with urban questions in the global south.


In ‘India as Eden’ Offer, the Apple of Diluted Labour Laws
03 May 2023

In addition to being the starting point of the possible onset of another scorching summer, the month of April also witnessed two important happenings that are tied to the country

Never Wishes to End the War; Greedy Eyed China; Discomfort for India
03 Apr 2023

യുക്രെയ്നിലെ അതിക്രമങ്ങളുടെ പേരിൽ ഒട്ടേറെ രാജ്യങ്ങളുടെ വിമർശനം ഏറ്റുവാങ്ങി നിൽക്കുകയാണ് റഷ്യ. പ്രസിഡ...

China's Global Security Initiative: Less About the World’s Needs, More about China's Wants
16 Mar 2023

ഈ കഴിഞ്ഞ ഫെബ്രവരി 21-നു, ചൈനയുടെ വിദേശ കാര്യ മന്ത്രാലയം, തങ്ങളുടെ പുതിയ ആശയമായ ‘ആഗോള സുരക്ഷാ

BRI Aims to provide Great Power Status to China
19 Feb 2023

Dr. Anand Parappadi Krishnan, recently joined the Centre of Excellence for Himalayan Studies, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida

The Belt and Road Initiative in Asia, Africa, and Europe
12 Jan 2023

This book examines the progress and reception of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in key subregions of Asia, Africa and Europe. Through its exploration of the patchwork of distinctive

India's continuing Trade Deficit with China even amidst the latest round of tensions at Tawang
16 Dec 2022

India -China Clash Impact on Trade Relation: तवांग सेक्टर में एलएसी(LAC) पर चीन की हिमाकत के बाद उससे सभी तरह के व्यापारिक संबंध खत्म करने की मांग एक बार फिर तेज हो गई है।

Latest round of Tensions at Tawang between Indian and Chinese forces
15 Dec 2022

عادت الاشتباكات بين الجيشين الهندي والصيني عند الحدود المتنازع عليها في الهيمالايا .. ورغم انتهائها سريعا بانسحاب الطرفين، لكنها تثير مخاوف بشأن مستقبل التوتر بين قوتين آسيويتين

Stronger Xi in His Third Term, and More - Part 1
15 Oct 2022

As China's 20th Communist Party Congress begins. What is in store for the CCP and Xi Jinping. P P James in coversation with Anand P Krishnan, Visiting Associate Fellow, Institute of Chinese Studies, New Delhi

Stronger Xi in His Third Term, and More - Part 2
15 Oct 2022

As China's 20th Communist Party Congress begins. What is in store for the CCP and Xi Jinping. P P James in coversation with Anand P Krishnan, Visiting Associate Fellow, Institute of Chinese Studies, New Delhi

The precarious lives of Chinese delivery workers who keep the country running through ‘zero-Covid’
21 May 2022

Stringent lockdowns in many Chinese cities – under the obsessive and inflexible “zero-Covid” strategy of the Communist Party of China – has resulted in an economic slowdown and citizens suffering

Clear or blurred? Viewing China through CPI(M)’s lens?
07 Apr 2022

The 23rd congress of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) commenced in Kannur, in northern Kerala, from 6 April 2022. It is after ten years that Kerala is playing host

The diminishing status of the Chinese worker
23 Jul 2021

The centenary of the Communist Party of China is a chance to look at the status and role of the working class

India’s workers devastated by deadly second wave of Covid-19
13 May 2021

P.K. Anand reports on how India’s government has learned little from last year’s pandemic and lockdown measures and reveals how workers are suffering as a result.

The Tightrope between Production, Industrial Peace
24 Dec 2020

Apple’s decision to place its Taiwanese supplier, Wistron Corp., on probation by not giving new orders — after an audit of the serious lapses in labour practices that led to violence in its facility in Narasapura

The Karnataka Garment Workers Union, Bengaluru: A case study
16 Nov 2020

For the tens of thousands of garment workers in the southern Indian city of Bengaluru and the surrounding state of Karnataka

The All-India Gig Workers Union: A case study
09 Nov 2020

As with the Indian Federation of App-based Transport Workers (IFAT), discussed previously

The Indian Federation of App-based Transport Workers: A case study
02 Nov 2020

The rapid growth of the sharing economy and app-based employment has presented tremendous challenges to trade unions across the world.

In China and India, street vendors face similar urban challenges
10 Sep 2020

Visible in both China and India is a dominant vision of urbanity that perpetuates sanitised order and pristineness, devoid of any informal or irregular spatial practices.

ചൈനീസ് സ്ഥാനപതിയുടെ മാധ്യമ ഇടപെടലുകളും അവ ഉയര്‍ത്തുന്ന ചോദ്യങ്ങളും
19 Aug 2020

സ്ഥാനമേറ്റ് ഒരു വര്‍ഷം തികയാറാകുമ്പോള്‍ മാധ്യമങ്ങളില്‍ ഇത്രയേറെ എഴുതിയ മറ്റൊരു വിദേശ സ്ഥാനപതിയും ഇന്.

Hazarding Hazards: An Assessment of China’s Workplace Safety Since Year 2000
16 Jul 2020

COVID-19 has (re)ignited conversations on workplace safety across the world, thus necessitating renewed attention on policies and practices in this regard. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that each year 2.78 million workers die from occupational accidents and work-related..

PTI interview was only latest salvo in Chinese envoy’s blitzkrieg in Indian media over the past year
12 Jul 2020

Indian publications have regularly provided space for the Chinese ambassador to present his country’s point of view. That didn’t raise eyebrows – until now.

Urban Spaces | Migrant workers remain invisible in India and China
21 May 2020

While political systems, level of State capacity and trajectory of development may vary, cities in China and India have retained many common threads of socio-spatial exclusion of migrant workers.

Covid-19 and the crisis of informal labour in India
13 Apr 2020

With India’s national lockdown set to be extended, P.K. Anand argues that the time has come for the Indian government to wake up to the precarious reality of labour relations in the country.

COVID-19 | Labour, lockdown and the State’s predicament
03 Apr 2020

The images of migrants on roads across India should perhaps help us re-evaluate the often romanticised images of the massive movement of workers annually in China.

Coronavirus exposes the brittleness of China's economic prowess
18 Feb 2020

The COVID-19 outbreak has not only brought to fore the employment uncertainty workers face in the service sector but has also showed China’s incapacity to come up with a formal solution to this.

Why BRI through India is wishful thinking at best
23 Jan 2020

Subramanian Swamy’s comments on the Mumbai and Kolkata ports provides the opportunity to highlight the pressing concern of weak infrastructural capacities in India.

Policy | Entry of Chinese manufacturing in India is a bridge too far
09 Oct 2019

The Modi-Xi informal summit is a good time to analyse the economic capacity of China, especially the role of manufacturing sector, in powering the country and its positioning in the China-India dynamics.

Non-Standard Employment and Precarity: Student-Workers in China
30 Oct 2018

Global economic changes and the resulting shifts in the role of the state from being a provider of resources, has led to significant transformation of the concept of full-time, permanent employment. This has led to new forms of non-standard employment and work arrangements, thus making labour, fluid and dynamic.

Labour Dynamics and Social Security in Leather-Based Enterprises in Mumbai and Shanghai- A Preliminary Background Study
11 Sep 2014

In the late 1980s and early 1990s under the forces of Globalization, Liberalization and Privatization, sustained changes were brought in the patterns of economic production and distribution.

China’s Small and Medium Enterprises: A Key Growth Engine Propelling the Economy
01 Mar 2014

Over three decades of economic growth and transformation by China has not only caught the world’s attention and generated considerable interest, but...


Areas of interest

His interests also lie in China's Political Economy, informal labour, social policies, and labour's interface with urban questions in the global south.


Current Positions

    • Visiting Associate Fellow, Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi

Past Positions

    • Research Assistant, Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi
    • Research Intern (July-September 2012), Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi


    • Pursuing Ph.D, Centre for East Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
    • MA. Politics (with Specialization in International Relations), School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India (2006)

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