China and India are two significant economies with increasing influence in global politics. ‘Greening’ can be understood as a process in which an ecological turn is introduced in the policy formation as well as its implementation. This process is worth noting among the global South polities as these countries witness a unique development versus sustainability dichotomy, different from the global North. The talk explicates state-led initiatives in both countries as they grapple with environmental issues. In order to comprehensively understand the policy practices in these countries, the securitization framework of the Copenhagen School in International Relations is employed. New political realities in the global South are opportunities to reimagine the empirical and theoretical boundaries of existing IR theories. It is therefore surprising that the role of societal factors is not sufficiently addressed in the existing securitization framework. Application of the securitization framework can reveal processes like the emergence of non-state agencies in rigid polities such as China, besides bringing out other manifestations of public participation in environmental policy making in order to collectively reimagine our understanding about actors, processes and outcomes in the construction of the securitization framework itself.
About the Speaker
Dr. Justin Joseph currently works with GITAM School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hyderabad. Before joining GITAM, he headed the Department of Political Science, School of Liberal Arts and Applied Sciences, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science (HITS), Chennai, India since its inception in 2020 until May 2023. He earned his PhD in Politics and International Relations from IIT Madras, and was awarded the “General Scholar Fellowship” by the Ministry of Human Resources and Development, Government of India, for conducting PhD fieldwork in China from September 2017 to July 2018. He was a visiting scholar at Shanghai International Studies University (SISU) and Shanghai University in 2016 and 2017, respectively. He was conferred with the Pre-Doctoral Fellowship by IIT Madras for the early submission of his PhD thesis in 2020. His research areas include non-western IR theories and environmental security in the Global South. He has published his works in China Report, Environment Development and Sustainability, Risk Hazards and Crisis in Public Policy and Fudan Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences etc. He is also a Co-Principal Investigator of an ongoing ICSSR funded research project on the economy-ecology dichotomy in India and China.
About the Chair
Dr. Joe Thomas Karackattu is an Associate Professor at the Humanities and Social Sciences Department at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras. He was “Fox Fellow (2008-09)” at Yale University, “Centenary Visiting Fellow” (2013; nominated award) at SOAS, University of London and “CISLI Fellow” (2017-19), at the India China Institute at the New School, New York. Those 4 Years is his latest work which has been screened at Penn State University, University of Pittsburgh, the New School (NYC), the India International Centre (IIC), and Ashoka University. His first film, also non-fiction, titled Guli’s Children (2016), has also been screened at the NUS (Singapore), Duke University, NYU, University of Copenhagen, Beijing, Shanghai, New Delhi and several universities across India. Dr. Karackattu was the recipient of the “Young Faculty Recognition Award 2020” at IIT Madras. He studied Economics at St. Stephen's College (Delhi) and Chinese Studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University (Delhi).
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